Infographic: What is this dark spot/patch on my face?!

 

 

 

 

 

Hyperpigmentation, Melasma- Those annoying dark spots on your face and on your body caused by an overproduction of melanin.

 

There are different types of hyperpigmentation such as freckles (aka Sun Spots, Age Spots) that appear as we get older due to overexposure to the sun.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, which is cause by skin injuries from acne, burns, cuts, or psoriasis. PIH is the easiest form hyperpigmentation to treat.

Melasma, those dark patches that seem to never go away! Commonly known as pregnancy mask, caused by hormonal changes. Pregnancy, birth control, hormone replacement therapy, or thyroid dysfunction in conjunction with sun exposure cause these dark patches.  

What Causes This?

Genetics- Some are luckier than others! Some individuals, due to genetics and hereditary background are predisposed to this condition.

Hormonal Changes- Hormonally triggered hyperpigmentation is more prevalent in women  as a result of birth control and pregnancy side effects.

Age- Sun exposure from as little as your daily commute in the car to laying out on a hot summer day triggers melanin production

Minor Injuries- burns, cuts, post acne scars, and scratches can lead to changes in coloration during the healing cycle of the skin

"Can I prevent hyperpigmentaion?"

Yes! There are numerous ways to prevent hyperpgmentation! First and foremost is to limit sun exposure. If you can’t resist a beautiful beach day make sure you have your SPF readily available to reapply throughout your day so that you can stay protected. Wearing a chic hat also helps to block your face from direct sunlight, and you will look FAB!

Wear SPF daily! Even if you aren’t lounging by the pool, your daily commute in the car is enough exposure to cause a change in your skin.

 

Treatment-
If you are already trying to treat hyperpigmentation and melasma you can try different treatments that range from light scrubs to in-depth treatments. We LOVE Mandelic Acid with a series of 3 to 6 peels you will notice lightening of your dark pigment. Reason that we LOVE Mandelic Acid is that the molecule is a lot larger than any other aesthetic acid making it a more gentle acid that also has a brightening effect on the skin.

Using a cream that has an abundant amount of enzymes such as Kojic Acid, Licorice Extract, and Arbutin, helps to brighten and lighten the skin!

Hyperpigmentation , Post Inflamatory Hyperpigmentation, & Melasma may be bothersome, and aesthetically unpleasant, but with a little precaution and effective treatments you will be on your way to gorgeous brighter skin!